Post Loop - link to open the posts

I need a little help by creating my website.

I use the Sydney Theme and I added the widget “Post Loop”. So all posts are listed.
The link to open the hole post is a little bit hidden under the date.
Is there a possibility to set a Button to open the post? (something like …see more…??)

Second question is, if it is possible to show some photo in the list beside the post.

I try to give you a sreenshot of my site, because it isn’t published .

Thanks a lot for any responses.

Chipmunk is greeting